Ashmole Family

Catherine (Kate) Newland was Grandad Ernest John Conway’s mother, having married Isaac Conway on 19th September 1886 at St Chad’s Church, Derby (demolished in 1996). Grandad was their first child, born 2 April 1887.

They went on to  to have 10 more children, three of whom died as babies: Rebecca (1889 – 1980), Florence (1890 – 1943), Sarah (1893 – 1932), Lily (1895 – 96), Edward (1901 – 1989), Kate Annie (1903 – 1991), Rose May (1906 – 1919), James (1906 – 1906), Mabel (1908 – 1908) and Violet (1910 – 1987).

Grandma Kate’s parents, John and Mary Anne Elizabeth (née Ashmole) Newland grew up in military families, in India. In fact, Kate was born at sea, on board the S.S. Tyburnia, returning the family to England from Poona to Portsmouth. 

The Ashmoles” have a long history, stretching back 9 generations and beyond to the famous Elias Ashmole, born in May 1617, in Lichfield, Staffordshire. He lived until May 1692 and is buried in St. Mary’s Church, Lambeth, Surrey.

Elias Ashmole was a royalist, lawyer, antiquarian, scholar, and collector who gave his collections to the University of Oxford in 1677.

The Ashmolean Museum (right) was named after its founder Elias Ashmole and opened in 1683. It is widely recognised as being the first modern museum. Elias was Grandma Kate’s 9 times great uncle.

Mary Anne Elizabeth Ashmole (Grandad’s grandmother) was born on 11th September 1847 at Belgaum, Karnataka, India.

Her father, John, had been in the Army since 1839 and had met his wife, Eleanor (née Gannon), herself the daughter of a soldier, whilst serving in Aden, in the Diocese of Bombay. They married on 22nd August 1843, when Eleanor was only 13 years old.

This branch of the family has two members who served their Queen (Victoria) on active service:


Private 1307 John ASHMOLE, 17th (Leicestershire) Regt. of Foot    [Later: Sergeant 2920, 78th (Highlander) Regt. of Foot]

John was born in November 1821 in Marston-on-Dove, Derbsyhire, and was baptised on 2nd December 1821 at the Church of St Mary, Marston-Upon-Dove. 

John joined the 17th (Leicestershire) Regiment of Foot on 17th July 1839 (aged 18 yrs 7 months) as a Private soldier. At that time he was 5 ft. 7½ ins [1.71 m.] tall, had a fresh complexion, blue eyes and brown hair.

On 31st October 1842 he transferred to 78th Regiment of Foot also as a Private. He made Corporal in 1871 and Sergeant in 1857, but was court martialled for drunkenness and reduced to Private in 1858.  His pay was cut from 3d a day to 2d a day [about £4.40 to £2.95 today – 2023].

On 22nd August 1843 John married Eleanor Gannon in Aden, where her father, John was also serving. [see below]. She was 13 years old at the time. Between 1847 and 1868 they had 9 children, 7 of whom survived into adulthood.

Their eldest child was Mary Ann Elizabeth, born on 11th September 1847 at Belgaum, Karnataka, India. She married John Newland on 9th October 1861 at St John the Evangelist Church, Colaba, Bombay, India. They were Grandad’s paternal grandparents. on the “Newland Family” page

After 19 years and 176 days service John volunteered to be transferred to 56th Regiment of Foot on 1st February 1859.  He finally retired from the Army on 29th October 1861, having served a total of 22 yrs 285 days – 21 yrs 7 months in India. He returned to England on 17th January 1862 and received his final discharge on 20th May 1862.

He was awarded 4 Good Conduct Medals and the Indian Mutiny Medal with clasps for the Defence and Relief of Lucknow in 1857.

He also received the India General Service Medal, with ‘Persia‘ clasp for service in the Anglo-Persian War of 1856/57.

  a more detailed account of John Ashmole’s Army Career

about the Siege and Relief of Lucknow

As well as Mary Anne Elizabeth (John and Eleanor’s oldest child) they had five more children born in India, and after their return to live at 4 Castle Place, Derby, they had three more. (1871 Census RG 10/3564) At the time of the Census John was employed as a “Iron Turner“.

John worked as a ‘Labourer‘ until his death from ‘Asthenia‘ (abnormal physical weakness or lack of energy) in The Infirmary, Derby (right), on 12th December 1889, aged 68. After John’s death Eleanor went to live with her son, Charles, and his wife, Kate, at 45 Copeland Street, Derby, where she died on 2nd April 1898.

John and Eleanor Ashmole are buried together in Grave 52593, Nottingham Road Cemetery, Derby.

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Gannon Coat of Arms / Gannon Family CrestPrivate John GANNON, 17th Regiment of Foot 

John Gannon was the father-in-law of John Ashmole. He was born in the Westminster area of London on 20th August 1805.

He enlisted in the 17th Regiment of Foot on 4th July 1823, spent some time in Ireland, from March 1827 to December 1826. During this time he married Ann Locklin, at Manchester Cathedral, on 29th December 1824.

N.B. The 17th Foot was an infantry regiment in the British Army dating back to 1688.  In 1804 the 17th Foot moved to India and remained there until 1823.  In 1825 the Regiment was granted the badge of a “Royal Tiger” to recall their long service in the sub-continent.

John returned to England and whilst at Chatham, Kent, his daughter Eleanor was born on 29th December 1829.  On 24th August 1830 John (and family?) sailed to New South Wales, Australia,  posted to Parramatta, NSW, and Sydney, until 1835.

The Regiment moved to Poona, India, by 28th March 1836. While in India John took part in the First Afghan War (1838 to 1842).  He then moved into Aden where he died on 18th October 1843, aged 38, having spent 20 years in the Regiment.

John’s widow, Ann, returned to England and lived at Saltney Street, Liverpool, until her death in October 1865, aged 60. She was buried on 2nd November 1865 in Ford Catholic Cemetery, Liverpool.

  about “The First Afghan War “

  … Notes from John’s ‘Muster Rolls’

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