Officers, N.C.O.s and Men of the 1st Battalion, Buried in Auberchicourt British Cemetery
This cemetery contains 288 Commonwealth burials (202 from the UK and 86 from Canada). 271 are of the burials are named, the other 17 “Known Unto God“.
In 1918 the village of Aubercicourt was occupied by Commonwealth troops and a Canadian Casualty Clearing Station was established, which would account for many of the burials being of Canadian soldiers who died in 1918 and many, of wounds received, in 1919.
The Cemetery contains just 4 soldiers from 1914, including 1 soldier of the Cheshire Regiment, who were reburied here from the surrounding area after the War. All of them were killed in action on 24th August 1914
Grave: IV. B. 18. Killed in Action: 24 August 1914 Age: 19
Personal: Frederick was born in the parish of Little Bromley, Manningtree, Essex, in January 1895, the son of Walter and Eliza A. Garrad, of Mill Lane, Brook Street, Manningtree, Essex.
He had an older sister, Rhoda, 3 older brothers, Charles, Walter and Amos (see Footnotes below), and 2 younger brothers, William and Jack (see below) (1901 Census RG 13/1704). The 1911 Census (RG 14/10261) shows father Walter (Maltster’s Labourer) as a widower, Eliza died in the December quarter 1905. 15 year old Frederick was employed as a “Baker’s Boy“.
At the time of his enlistment he was employed as a baker, he was 5′ 4½” tall (1.64 m.) weighed 117 lbs. (8 st. 5lbs.) had hazel eyes and dark brown hair. His eyesight and physical condition were both ‘good‘. After training he had grown to 5’ 7½” (1.72 m) by the time he was 18 yrs. 3 mths.
According to his Service papers Frederick did not marry. At the time of his death his parents and brothers and sisters were listed as next-of-kin. His father, Walter, took possession of his war medals. On 22 June 1920 Walter applied for a Pension for both sons lost in the War (see below), but there is no record of any award being made.
Military History: Frederick enlisted at Warley, Essex. on 28th February 1912, aged 17 years 1 month. Initially he joined as Cyclist 1820 in the 6th (Cyclist) Battalion, the Suffolk Regiment, a Territorial Battalion, but on 9th January 1913 he transferred to the 3rd Battalion the Essex Regiment, a Reserve Battalion, becoming Private 956.
After a further 90 days training with the Special Reserve he joined the Regular Army on 9th April 1913, moving from Private 10173, Essex Regiment to Private 10303 Cheshire Regiment. After further training the new recruit was assessed as a “Promising lad“.
His decision to transfer again was probably influenced by his elder brother Walter Garrad, who was a Sergeant (8953) with ‘D’ Company of the 1st Battalion. He probably had the misfortune to see his younger brother fall close to where he was fighting to the right of the line at Audregnies. [N.B. Both of these brothers may have know Grandad as he was in the same Battalion.] (see Footnotes below)
Frederick’s Medal Card shows he entered France on 16th August 1914. He was reported missing on 24th August 1914, although his Service Papers gives the date as “19/9/1914“. For ‘Official Purposes‘ he was deemed to have been killed in action on that date by a War Office order dated 5th February 1916.
At about 3.45 pm on the 24th August the Battalions in action began to retire. Captain Jones, on the right flank with the support platoons of ‘D’ Company had also it seems, got news of the withdrawal from, presumably, stragglers out on his flanks, because he began to retire down the railway line.
The stragglers moved down the railway line towards the Bois d’Audregnies. They passed a small group of trees, then along a track in a field, into a hedge-bordered lane, then to pasture-land south-west of Wiheries. ‘Here‘, writes Crookenden, ‘they ran into the Magdeburg Regiment which was going into bivouac. Of those who remained Capt. Jones and Pte. E. Hogan were killed. Cpl. Crookes, who had previously been wounded, collapsed and Pte. F. Garrad was mortally wounded.’
It is not known where Frank was originally buried, possibly Audregnies Churchyard, but the CWGC “Concentration of Graves (Exhumation and Reburial) Burial Return” shows that on 18 August 1920 his remains of “Pte. Jarrold” [sic.] were re-buried in Auberchicourt British Cemetery, along with Captain F.J. Cresswell, of the Norfolk Regiment.
In all Frank served 322 days with the Suffolk Regiment, 90 days with the Essex Regiment and 1 year 127 days with the Cheshires.
As stated above, Frederick’s older brother, Sergeant 8953 Walter Garrad, was serving in the same Company of the 1st Battalion.
Another older brother, Pte. 9803 Amos Garrad, was posted to Gallipoli with the 1st Battalion, Essex Regiment, landing on 25 April 1915. He died of wounds on the 6th June 1915. Amos has no known grave and is commemorated on the Helles Memorial.